In honor of Earth Day 2018, here are 22 facts we at 4Ocean thought were super cool!
1. Earth is about 4.54 billion years old.
2. Oceans cover 71% of the Earth's surface.
3. Trees are the longest living organisms on Earth, and never die of old age.
4. Earth is the only planet in our solar system not named after a Greek or Roman deity.
5. Water constitutes only 0.07% of the earth by mass or 0.4% of the earth by volume.
6. There are two main types of trees: deciduous and evergreen.
7. The Earth’s plates move just a few inches a year—about as fast as a person’s fingernails grow. This continental pattern predicts that 250 million years from now, a new supercontinent will be born.
8. The deepest point on the ocean floor is 35,813 feet (10,916 meters) below sea level in the Mariana Trench.
9. Jadav Molai Payeng, a 47-year-old Indian, lives in his own 1,360 acre jungle, that he began planting at 16, that is now inhabited with tigers, elephants and other wild animals.
10. The Earth is approximately 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from the sun. At this distance, it takes about 8 minutes and 19 seconds for sunlight to reach our planet.
11. Without significant action, by 2050, there will be more plastic than fish in the ocean by weight.
12. More than 20% of the world’s oxygen is produced in the Amazon Rainforest.
13. The Earth has lost 40% of its wildlife in the past 40 years, according to the WWF.
14. Over 68% of Earth’s fresh water is frozen in permanent ice, including Earth’s ice caps and glaciers.
15. Scientists discovered in 2015 that there are 8 times more trees on earth than we previously thought.
16. Some 300 million years ago, there was just one continent, a massive supercontinent called Pangaea. And thus there was just one giant sea, called Panthalassa.
17. Humans have explored only 5% of Earth’s oceans.
18. One large tree can provide a day’s supply of oxygen for up to four people.
19. Fossil evidence suggests that fish have been on Earth for about 530 million years.
20. Too much of the greenhouse effect is detrimental to human life—but without some greenhouse effect, Earth’s global temperature would be 0 degrees Fahrenheit (-18 degrees Celsius) rather than 59 degrees F (15 degrees C).
21. There's an ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth's oceans: they are 30% more acidic than in 1751.
22. The ozone layer is showing signs of healing, thanks to the worldwide ban on chlorofluorocarbons.
Celebrate Earth Day with a Limited Edition Blue and Green Earth Day Bracelet! Each bracelet funds the removal of 1 pound of trash from the oceans and coastlines. In addition to helping fund our daily cleanups, each Earth Day Bracelets helps plant trees with the help of our April partner, Earth Day Network. Join the movement today and get your bracelet HERE
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As we got closer to the ocean floor, we began to approach a reef; this reef was nothing short of epic. The colours were bright and everything appeared to be healthy with marine life flourishing... that was until the current changed. Within seconds, this heaving reef became surrounded with plastic and rubbish.